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Home: Bipolar Information: Famous: Poets

Famous Poets with Bipolar Disorders

The following list is drawn from Kay Jamison's Touched With Fire; Manic-Depressive Ilness and the Artistic Temperament

In Appendix B: Writers, Artists, and Composers with Probable Cyclothymia, Major Depression, or Manic-Depressive Illness.

"This is meant to be an illustrative rather than a comprehensive list; for systematic studies, see text. Most of the writers, composers, and artists are American, British, European, Irish, or Russian; all are deceased . . . Many if not most of these writers, artists, and composers had other major problems as well, such as medical illnesses, alcoholism or drug addiction, or exceptionally difficult life circumstances. They are listed here as having suffered from a mood disorder because their mood symptoms predated their other conditions, because the nature and course of their mood and behavior symptoms were consistent with a diagnosis of an independently existing affective illness, and/or because their family histories of depression, manic-depressive illness, and suicide--coupled with their own symptoms--were sufficiently strong to warrant their inclusion."

KEY:
    H = Asylum or psychiatric hospital
    S = Suicide
    SA = Suicide attempt

  • Antonin Artaud (H)
  • Konstantin Batyushkov (H, SA)
  • Charles Baudelaire (SA)
  • Thomas Lovell Beddoes (S)
  • John Berryman (H, S)
  • William Blake
  • Aleksandr Blok
  • Barcroft Boake (S)
  • Louis Bogan (H)
  • Rupert Brooke
  • Robert Burns
  • George Gordon, Lord Byron
  • Thomas Campbell
  • Paul Celan (S)
  • Thomas Chatterton (S)
  • John Clare (H)
  • Harley Coleridge
  • Samuel Taylor Coleridge
  • William Collins (H)
  • William Cowper (H, SA)
  • Hart Crane (S)
  • George Darley
  • John Davidson (S)
  • Emily Dickinson - more
  • Ernest Dowson
  • T.S. Eliot (H)
  • Sergey Esenin (S)
  • Robert Fergusson (H)
  • Afanasy Fet (SA)
  • Anne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea
  • Edward FitzGerald
  • John Gould Fletcher (S)
  • Gustaf Froding (SA, H)
  • Oliver Goldsmith
  • Adam Lindsay Gordon (S)
  • Thomas Gray
  • Nikolai Gumilyov (SA)
  • Robert Stephen Hawker
  • Friedrich Holderlin (H)
  • Gerard Manley Hopkins - More
  • Victor Hugo
  • Randal Jarrell (H, S)
  • Samuel Johnson
  • John Keats - More
  • Henry Kendall (H)
  • Velimir Khlebnikov (H)
  • Heinrich Von Kleist (S)
  • Walter Savage Landor
  • Nikolaus Lenau (H)
  • J.M.R. Lenz (SA)
  • Mikhail Lermontov
  • Vachel Lindsay (S)
  • James Russell Lowell
  • Robert Lowell (H)
  • Hugh MacDiarmid (H)
  • Louis MacNeice
  • Osip Mandelstam (H, SA)
  • James Clarence Mangan
  • Vladimir Mayakovsky (S)
  • Edna St. Vincent Millay (H)
  • Alfred de Musset
  • Gerard de Nerval (H, S)
  • Boris Pasternak (H)
  • Cesare Pavese (S)
  • Sylvia Plath (H, S)
  • Edgar Allan Poe (SA)
  • Ezra Pound (H)
  • Alexander Pushkin
  • Laura Riding (SA)
  • Theodore Roethke (H)
  • Delmore Schwartz (H)
  • Anne Sexton (H, S)
  • Percy Bysshe Shelley - More (SA)
  • Christopher Smart (H)
  • Torquato Tasso (H)
  • Sara Teasdale (H, S)
  • Alfred, Lord tennyson
  • Dylan Thomas
  • Edward Thomas
  • Francis Thompson
  • George Trakl (H, S)
  • Marina Tsvetayeva (S)
  • Walt Whitman - More

Modified August 6, 2004

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