Once women have reached puberty, they start secreting female sex hormones and certain male sex hormones called androgen in a small quantity.
However, in some women, the androgen is released in larger quantities, resulting in a condition called PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is an endocrine disorder in which excess hormones are produced in the body, resulting in fluid-filled sacs (cysts) in ovaries.
According to meta-analysis, about 8% to 13% of teens and younger women of reproductive age experience this condition.
The exact cause of PCOS is still unknown but it did not stop experts from producing methods to eliminate or prevent it in women.
The treatment of PCOS includes seed cycling, supplements for PCOS, and diet control.
Signs and Symptoms Of PCOS
The most common PCOS signs in teens and older women are missed or irregular periods.
The other symptoms include:
- Excessive growth of facial hair
- Thinning or loss of hair
- Acanthosis Nigricans
- Weight gain
- Depression and Anxiety
What Causes PCOS In Teens?
If your teen or someone in your family is experiencing the above-mentioned symptoms, you should take no time to start their treatment, as PCOS not only causes physical problems but also affects one’s mental health by causing depression and insecurities.
Because of hormonal imbalance, girls are likely to develop health problems such as infertility, high cholesterol, and type 1 diabetes.
Insulin resistance is something that a lot of times comes in a package with PCOS.
Other conditions, such as Acanthosis Nigricans characterized by dark patches on the neck, breasts, and armpits, are observed in girls with polycystic ovary syndrome.
Regular exercise and healthy eating habits can reduce the chances of acquiring these health problems and manage PCOS.
How Is PCOS Diagnosed?
If you suspect that your teen or any loved one has PCOS, then consult a gynecologist.
The gynecologist will take their medical history and get to know about her symptoms and concerns.
They will ask questions about her menstrual cycle, medications, eating habits, and sleep/wake cycle.
The doctor may also ask about the family history of PCOS as it runs in the family.
Moreover, blood tests will also be performed to check the level of androgen, cholesterol, glucose, and blood pressure.
Other tests may include an ultrasound to find cysts in the ovaries. However, a lot of times, cysts can be invisible in ultrasound.
Your doctor will also do a physical examination in which they will look for visible signs of PCOS, such as facial hair, acne, and dark patches around your neck. Your body weight will also be measured.
How To Manage PCOS?
Treatment of PCOS requires determination and consistency. Following a healthy lifestyle, like consuming nutritious foods and exercising, can minimize the symptoms of PCOS as a result of weight loss.
A lot of times, PCOS is a precursor for high cholesterol and blood pressure. A good diet plan recommended by a nutritionist should help you avoid them.
Another natural method to control PCOS is seed cycling, which improves fertility and balances hormones.
However, this method lacks scientific evidence. We cannot overlook the role of circadian rhythms in managing PCOS.
The sleep/wake cycle carries out bodily functions such as the production of hormones, appetite, and energy levels. It also directly affects our emotional well-being.
Your gynecologist may also recommend supplements for PCOS. Insulin resistance is a hallmark of PCOS.
Supplements can effectively treat the increase in blood sugar levels. There isn’t any cure for PCOS. However, proper managing it can help you live a good life.
While the exact cause of PCOS remains elusive, significant progress has been made in understanding and managing this condition.
Recognizing the signs and symptoms of PCOS is crucial for early intervention.
Missed or irregular periods, excessive facial hair growth, acne, hair thinning or loss, acanthosis nigricans, weight gain, depression, and anxiety are some of the common indicators.
Remember that it’s essential to seek prompt medical attention if you or a loved one display these symptoms, as PCOS can have both physical and mental health repercussions
Managing PCOS is a lifelong commitment that requires consistency.
A healthy lifestyle, including proper nutrition and regular exercise, can alleviate symptoms, especially when combined with weight loss.
Natural methods like seed cycling and circadian rhythm management show promise but need more research.
Supplements may be recommended to address insulin resistance and regulate blood sugar.
While currently, there is no sure cure for PCOS, proper management can enhance one’s quality of life significantly.
With guidance from healthcare professionals, individuals with PCOS can find effective strategies to minimize symptoms, reduce health risks, and lead fulfilling lives.
If you suspect PCOS, seek prompt evaluation and personalized guidance from a healthcare provider.